During the emergency relief phase, the Declaration invited the United Nations to take the lead in mobilizing the international community to support the national emergency assistance programmes of the affected countries as national coordinators. The international financial institutions are invited to take the lead, at the request and leadership of the country concerned, during the recovery and reconstruction phase, in order to support the respective national programmes of the affected countries. In the areas of prevention and control, the declaration calls for support for the various ongoing initiatives and programmes agreed by ASEAN, the development of a regional instrument for disaster management and emergency preparedness, the establishment of tsunami early warning systems in the Indian Ocean and the South-East Asian region, as well as the implementation of other preventive measures, such as education and public awareness; and capacity-building. 38. Alisa TANG, “After a Decade of Disasters, UN Shifts Its Asia Operations” Reuters (29 June 2015), online: Reuters . 26. Unisdr and the World Bank, “Synthesis Report on Ten ASEAN Countries Disaster Risks Assessment” (December 2010), online: UNISDR . The agreement should provide a framework for the development of operational procedures in order to be able to react together and quickly to disasters. The agreement will contain provisions on the movement of aid operations, the acceleration of customs and immigration operations, etc. The intervention of military and civilian personnel in disaster relief and the establishment of a regional disaster relief coordination centre have been proposed under the agreement. The agreement will also include provisions for the establishment of an ASEAN Disaster Relief Fund. The agreement also provides for simulation exercises to regularly test emergency measures.
To put these principles of civil society engagement into practice, a group of international NGOs has partnered with the ASEAN Partnership Group (APG) to assist the ASEAN Secretariat on two themes: reducing child mortality and strengthening ASEAN`s humanitarian disaster risk reduction and response strategies.  Under the chairmanship of Oxfam and under the leadership of a regional governance council composed of its members, the CPA sent two technical advisers to the ASEAN Secretariat. These advisers and their support team cooperate with acdm and the ASEAN Secretariat at the regional level, as well as with national civil protection organisations and civil society actors at the national level. The consultations resulted in the AADMER work programme strategies for partnership, resource mobilization, training and knowledge management. The implementation of the DPGs programme in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam has posed its own challenges. Each national context is unique and progress in the legal framework for disaster reduction and management, as well as the institutionalization of risk reduction, varies from country to country. Although the CPA has put in place a number of joint activities to achieve the same overall results, implementation has been tailored to national situations. AADMER`s work programme aims to improve ASEAN capacities for effective and effective regional warning and monitoring, prevention, emergency response and disaster risk reduction, by putting in place strategies, systems, plans, procedures, mechanisms, mechanisms and institutional and legal frameworks, both at regional and national level.
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