Which of the following most accurately describes the pace of cooperation in the area of freedom, security and justice This situation means that non-EU Schengen Member States have few formally binding options to influence the design and development of the Schengen rules; their options are effectively reduced to approval or withdrawal from the agreement. However, prior to the adoption of certain new laws, consultations are held with the countries concerned.  The Schengen Regulation on the crossing of internal borders describes the checks on foreigners carried out by the police in appropriate places in each country. [Clarification required] Visa liberalisation negotiations between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) started in the first half of 2008 and ended in 2009 (for Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Before the complete abolition of visas, the Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia) had signed “visa facilitation agreements” with the Schengen states in 2008. Visa facilitation agreements were aimed at shortening wait times, reducing visa fees (including free visas for certain categories of travellers) and reducing red tape. In practice, however, the new procedures have proven to be longer, heavier, more costly, and many people have complained that it is easier to obtain visas before the entry into force of the facilitation agreements.    When EU states negotiated the adoption of the Schengen Agreement in the EU through the Treaty of Amsterdam, Ireland and the United Kingdom were the only Member States that did not sign the agreement. The UK did not want to join and Ireland wanted to maintain its common travel area with the UK and its islands, an agreement that would be incompatible with Schengen membership, while the UK was left out. As a result, both had to evade the part of the Treaty that was to incorporate the Schengen rules (or the acquis) into EU law when it entered into force on 1 May 1999.  Under the relevant Protocol, both may request participation in certain aspects of the Schengen acquis, but this requires the consent of the Schengen States.  On 31. In January 2020, the United Kingdom left the European Union and the protocol is annexed to the United Kingdom.
Ireland will continue to exploit the common travel area and will not join the Schengen area for the foreseeable future because it wants to keep its land border with the UK open.  Although Bulgaria and Romania, which joined the EU on 1 January 2007, are also legally required to join the Schengen area, implementation has been delayed. .